Includes post treatment skin rejuvenation 1320nm only from Photo Biotech
Includes PhotoCool™ extreme skin cooling system. Maximum comfort and minimal pain
The 1064nm and 532nm and 1320nm lasers produce the required energy shockwave that shatters the tattoo pigment particles, releasing them from their encapsulation and breaking them into fragments small enough for removal by the body. These tiny particles are then eliminated by the body achieving endogenous pigment removal.
permanent makeup removal, skin rejuvenation, improve the rough skin, and enhance skin elastic, repair acne. Endogenous pigment: Naevus of Ota and Ito coffee Navevus, variety of pigmentation. Exogenous pigment: tattoo, eyeline…
Not all Q-switched lasers are the same
Hardware, software, light energy management, power-output/consistency, fluence/laser-density, client/patient comfort, and other specific technical attributes will determine the effectiveness of the equipment. Photo Biotech exceeds in every feature. Includes PhotoCool™l extreme skin cooling system. and Post treatment skin rejuvenation laser 1320nm
Post session, 1320 nm shockwave stimulates the proliferation of collagen and improves the rearrangement of the elastic fibers, resulting in skin rejuvenation and wrinkle removal.
According to a poll conducted in January 2012 by pollster Harris Interactive, 1 in 8 (14%) of the 21% of American adults who have tattoos regret getting one. And the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) reports that in 2011, its doctors performed nearly 100,000 tattoo removal procedures, up from the 86,000 performed in 2010.
- 45,000,000 American have a tattoo
- Average revenue/ hour $800-$1000
- Average Sessions Required 6-10
- Average Patient / Client age is 29
- 70% Women 30% men (tattoo removal)
- Average session time is 15 minutes
How it works
Tattoo removal is most commonly performed using lasers that break down the ink in the tattoo. The broken-down ink is then absorbed by the body, mimicking the natural fading that time or sun exposure would create. All tattoo pigments have specific light absorption spectra. A tattoo laser must be capable of emitting adequate energy within the given absorption spectrum of the pigment to provide an effective treatment. Certain tattoo pigments, such as yellows, greens and fluorescent inks are more challenging to treat than darker blacks and blues, because they have absorption spectra that fall outside or on the edge of the emission spectra available in the tattoo removal laser.
The amount of energy (flounce/joules/jcm2) is determined prior to each treatment as well as the spot size and treatment speed (Hz/hertz). To mitigate pain the preferred method is simply to cool the area during treatment with a chiller/cooler (PhotoCool™ extreme skin cooling system) and to use a topical anesthetic.
During the treatment process the laser beam passes harmlessly through the skin, targeting only the ink resting in a liquid state within. While it is possible to see immediate results, in most cases the fading occurs gradually over the 7–8 week healing period between treatments. In the days and weeks following a laser treatment, the body’s immune system flushes away the shattered ink particles, causing the tattoo to fade. Over a series of treatments, more and more of the ink shatters, leaving the skin free of ink.
Mechanism of laser action
Tattoos consist of thousands of particles of tattoo pigment suspended in the skin. While normal human growth and healing processes will remove small foreign particles from the skin, tattoo pigment particles are permanent because they are too big to be removed. Laser treatment causes tattoo pigment particles to heat up and fragment into smaller pieces. These smaller pieces are then removed by normal body processes.
Laser tattoo removal is a successful application of the theory of selective photothermolysis (SPTL). However, unlike treatments for blood vessels or hair the mechanism required to shatter tattoo particles uses the photomechanical effect. In this situation the energy is absorbed by the ink particles in a very short period, typically nanoseconds. The surface temperature of the ink particles can rise to thousands of degrees but this energy profile rapidly collapses into a shock wave. This shock wave then propagates throughout the local tissue (the dermis) causing brittle structures to fragment. Hence tissues are largely unaffected since they simply vibrate as the shock wave passes. For laser tattoo removal the selective destruction of tattoo pigments depends on four factors:
1. The color of the light must penetrate sufficiently deep into the skin to reach the tattoo pigment.
2. The color of the laser light must be more highly absorbed by the tattoo pigment than the surrounding skin. Different tattoo pigments therefore require different laser colors. For example, red light is highly absorbed by green tattoo pigments.
3. The time duration (pulse duration) of the laser energy must be very short, so that the tattoo pigment is heated to fragmentation temperature before its heat can dissipate to the surrounding skin. Otherwise, heating of the surrounding tissue can cause burns or scars. For laser tattoo removal, this duration should be on the order of nanoseconds.
4. Sufficient energy must be delivered during each laser pulse to heat the pigment to fragmentation. If the energy is too low, pigment will not fragment and no removal will take place.
Although they occur infrequently, mucosal tattoos can be successfully treated with Q-switched lasers as well.
Laser parameters, Q-switching that affect results
Q-switching, sometimes known as giant pulse formation, is a technique by which a laser can be made to produce a pulsed output beam. The technique allows the production of light pulses with extremely high peak power, much higher than would be produced by the same laser if it were operating in a continuous wave (constant output) mode. Compared to modelocking, another technique for pulse generation with lasers, Q-switching leads to much lower pulse repetition rates, much higher pulse energies, and much longer pulse durations. The two techniques are sometimes applied together. Sufficient peak power is required to break up the ink of stubborn tattoos deep within the dermis
Several colors of laser light (measured as wavelengths of laser energy) are used for tattoo removal, from visible light to near-infrared radiation. Different lasers are better for different tattoo colors. Consequently, multi-color tattoo removal almost always requires the use of two or more laser wavelengths. Tattoo removal lasers are usually identified by the lasing medium used to create the wavelength (measured in nanometers (nm)):
1. Q-switched Frequency-doubled Nd:Yag: 532 nm. This laser creates a green light which is highly absorbed by red and orange targets. Useful primarily for red and orange tattoo pigments, this wavelength is also highly absorbed by melanin (the chemical which gives skin color or tan) which makes the laser wavelength effective for age spot or sun spot removal.
2. Q-switched Nd:YAG: 1064 nm. This laser creates a near-infrared light (invisible to humans) which is poorly absorbed by melanin, making this the only laser suitable for darker skin. This laser wavelength is also absorbed by all dark tattoo pigments and is the safest wavelength to use on the tissue due to the low melanin absorption and low hemoglobin absorption. This is the wavelength of choice for tattoo removal in darker skin types and for black ink.
Spot size, or the width of the laser beam, affects treatment. Light is optically scattered in the skin, like automobile headlights in fog. Larger spot sizes slightly increase the effective penetration depth of the laser light, thus enabling more effective targeting of deeper tattoo pigments. Larger spot sizes also help make treatments faster.
Fluence or energy level is another important consideration. Fluence is measured in joules per square centimeter (J/cm2). It is important to get treated at high enough settings to fragment tattoo particles.
Repetition rate helps accelerate the treatment but is not associated with efficacy.
Before And After